Atlas of Urban Expansion

Accra
Ghana
Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 Population
4,429,649
2014 Urban Extent
87,212
hectares
2014 Density
51
persons/hectare
Areas and Densities
Download: CSV XLSX

Population

The Population of Accra in 2014 was 4,429,649, increasing at an average annual rate of 4% since 2000. The population of Accra in 2000 was 2,513,026, increasing at an average annual rate of 7.2% since 1991, when its population was 1,307,784.

Urban Extent

The Urban Extent of Accra in 2014 was 87,212 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 5.3% since 2000. The urban extent in 2000 was 41,241 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 12.4% since 2000, when its urban extent was 13,324 hectares.

  •  
  • Urban Extent
  •  
  • Exurban Area
  •  
  • Rural Open Space

Density

Built-up Area Density in Accra in 2014 was 72 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -0.6% since 2000. The built-up area density in 2000 was 78 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -5.6% since 1991 when the built-up area density was 130.49 persons per hectare.

The Urban Extent Density in Accra in 2014 was 51 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -1.3% since 2000. The urban extent density in 2000 was 61 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -5.2% since 1991 when the urban extent density was 98 persons per hectare.

Composition of Added Area

A total of 29,609 hectares of built-up area was added to the Accra urban extent between 2000 and 2014. Of that added built-up area, 19% was Infill, 63% was Extension, 0% was Leapfrog, and 18% was Inclusion. A total of 22,148 hectares of built-up area was added to the urban extent between 1991 and 2000. Of that added built-up area, 14% was Infill, 62% was Extension, 11% was Leapfrog, and 13% was Inclusion.

Blocks and Roads
Download: CSV XLSX

Roads

Average road width in the Accra 1990-2014 expansion area was 6.59 meters, compared to 7.78 meters in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area in Accra occupied by roads in the 1990-2014 expansion area was 14%, compared to 24% in the pre-1990 area.

Arterial Roads

The density of arterial roads in Accra's 1990-2014 expansion was 0.82 km/km2, compared to 1.9 km/km2 in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area within walking distance of an arterial road in Accra's 1990-2014 expansion area was 68%, compared to 96% in the pre-1990 area.

1991-2000  2000-2014
1991-2000  2000-2014
1991-2000  2000-2014

Blocks and Plots

Average block size in Accra's 1990-2014 expansion area was 1.44 hectares, compared to 3.92 hectares in its pre-1990 area.

1991-2000  2000-2014