Atlas of Urban Expansion

Kigali
Rwanda
Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 Population
821,881
2014 Urban Extent
13,880
hectares
2014 Density
59
persons/hectare
Areas and Densities
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Population

The Population of Kigali in 2014 was 821,881, increasing at an average annual rate of 4.4% since 1999. The population of Kigali in 1999 was 422,776, increasing at an average annual rate of 5.6% since 1987, when its population was 211,150.

Urban Extent

The Urban Extent of Kigali in 2014 was 13,880 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 4.9% since 1999. The urban extent in 1999 was 6,562 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 8.8% since 1999, when its urban extent was 2,203 hectares.

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  • Urban Extent
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  • Exurban Area
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  • Rural Open Space

Density

Built-up Area Density in Kigali in 2014 was 99 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -0.5% since 1999. The built-up area density in 1999 was 107 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -5.8% since 1987 when the built-up area density was 219.86 persons per hectare.

The Urban Extent Density in Kigali in 2014 was 59 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -0.6% since 1999. The urban extent density in 1999 was 64 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -3.2% since 1987 when the urban extent density was 96 persons per hectare.

Composition of Added Area

A total of 4,335 hectares of built-up area was added to the Kigali urban extent between 1999 and 2014. Of that added built-up area, 24% was Infill, 66% was Extension, 0% was Leapfrog, and 11% was Inclusion. A total of 2,976 hectares of built-up area was added to the urban extent between 1987 and 1999. Of that added built-up area, 23% was Infill, 63% was Extension, 0% was Leapfrog, and 14% was Inclusion.

Blocks and Roads
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Roads

Average road width in the Kigali 1990-2014 expansion area was 7.29 meters, compared to 6.31 meters in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area in Kigali occupied by roads in the 1990-2014 expansion area was 23%, compared to 19% in the pre-1990 area.

Arterial Roads

The density of arterial roads in Kigali's 1990-2014 expansion was 1.17 km/km2, compared to 2.22 km/km2 in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area within walking distance of an arterial road in Kigali's 1990-2014 expansion area was 86%, compared to 95% in the pre-1990 area.

1987-1999  1999-2014
1987-1999  1999-2014
1987-1999  1999-2014

Blocks and Plots

Average block size in Kigali's 1990-2014 expansion area was 3.05 hectares, compared to 1.66 hectares in its pre-1990 area.

1987-1999  1999-2014