Atlas of Urban Expansion

Kabul
Afghanistan
Region: South and Central Asia
2014 Population
3,536,646
2014 Urban Extent
34,409
hectares
2014 Density
103
persons/hectare
Areas and Densities
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Population

The Population of Kabul in 2014 was 3,536,646, increasing at an average annual rate of 2.9% since 2000. The population of Kabul in 2000 was 2,347,810, increasing at an average annual rate of 5.4% since 1987, when its population was 1,176,972.

Urban Extent

The Urban Extent of Kabul in 2014 was 34,409 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 3.7% since 2000. The urban extent in 2000 was 20,468 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 1.4% since 2000, when its urban extent was 17,212 hectares.

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  • Urban Extent
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  • Exurban Area
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  • Rural Open Space

Density

Built-up Area Density in Kabul in 2014 was 155 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -0.8% since 2000. The built-up area density in 2000 was 173 persons per hectare, increasing at an average annual rate of 3.6% since 1987 when the built-up area density was 109.87 persons per hectare.

The Urban Extent Density in Kabul in 2014 was 103 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -0.8% since 2000. The urban extent density in 2000 was 115 persons per hectare, increasing at an average annual rate of 4.1% since 1987 when the urban extent density was 68 persons per hectare.

Composition of Added Area

A total of 9,313 hectares of built-up area was added to the Kabul urban extent between 2000 and 2014. Of that added built-up area, 23% was Infill, 62% was Extension, 1% was Leapfrog, and 15% was Inclusion. A total of 2,846 hectares of built-up area was added to the urban extent between 1987 and 2000. Of that added built-up area, 53% was Infill, 30% was Extension, 0% was Leapfrog, and 16% was Inclusion.

Blocks and Roads
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Roads

Average road width in the Kabul 1990-2014 expansion area was 7.4 meters, compared to 8.88 meters in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area in Kabul occupied by roads in the 1990-2014 expansion area was 18%, compared to 21% in the pre-1990 area.

Arterial Roads

The density of arterial roads in Kabul's 1990-2014 expansion was 1.25 km/km2, compared to 1.6 km/km2 in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area within walking distance of an arterial road in Kabul's 1990-2014 expansion area was 82%, compared to 85% in the pre-1990 area.

1987-2000  2000-2014
1987-2000  2000-2014
1987-2000  2000-2014

Blocks and Plots

Average block size in Kabul's 1990-2014 expansion area was 1.33 hectares, compared to 5.28 hectares in its pre-1990 area.

1987-2000  2000-2014