Atlas of Urban Expansion

Cairo
Egypt
Region: Western Asia and North Africa
2013 Population
15,734,934
2013 Urban Extent
136,396
hectares
2013 Density
115
persons/hectare
Areas and Densities
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Population

The Population of Cairo in 2013 was 15,734,934, increasing at an average annual rate of 2.7% since 2003. The population of Cairo in 2003 was 11,928,479, increasing at an average annual rate of 2% since 1992, when its population was 9,621,785.

Urban Extent

The Urban Extent of Cairo in 2013 was 136,396 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 8.5% since 2003. The urban extent in 2003 was 58,172 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 3.2% since 2003, when its urban extent was 41,203 hectares.

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  • Urban Extent
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  • Exurban Area
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  • Rural Open Space

Density

Built-up Area Density in Cairo in 2013 was 169 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -4.4% since 2003. The built-up area density in 2003 was 262 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -2% since 1992 when the built-up area density was 323.78 persons per hectare.

The Urban Extent Density in Cairo in 2013 was 115 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -5.7% since 2003. The urban extent density in 2003 was 205 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -1.2% since 1992 when the urban extent density was 234 persons per hectare.

Composition of Added Area

A total of 47,584 hectares of built-up area was added to the Cairo urban extent between 2003 and 2013. Of that added built-up area, 18% was Infill, 50% was Extension, 0% was Leapfrog, and 32% was Inclusion. A total of 15,791 hectares of built-up area was added to the urban extent between 1992 and 2003. Of that added built-up area, 36% was Infill, 49% was Extension, 2% was Leapfrog, and 13% was Inclusion.

Blocks and Roads
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Roads

Average road width in the Cairo 1990-2014 expansion area was 9.51 meters, compared to 11.32 meters in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area in Cairo occupied by roads in the 1990-2014 expansion area was 24%, compared to 23% in the pre-1990 area.

Arterial Roads

The density of arterial roads in Cairo's 1990-2014 expansion was 1.51 km/km2, compared to 1.53 km/km2 in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area within walking distance of an arterial road in Cairo's 1990-2014 expansion area was 78%, compared to 83% in the pre-1990 area.

1992-2003  2003-2013
1992-2003  2003-2013
1992-2003  2003-2013

Blocks and Plots

Average block size in Cairo's 1990-2014 expansion area was 3.52 hectares, compared to 4.12 hectares in its pre-1990 area.

1992-2003  2003-2013