Atlas of Urban Expansion

Alexandria
Egypt
Region: Western Asia and North Africa
2013 Population
4,345,193
2013 Urban Extent
30,418
hectares
2013 Density
143
persons/hectare
Areas and Densities
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Population

The Population of Alexandria in 2013 was 4,345,193, increasing at an average annual rate of 2.3% since 1999. The population of Alexandria in 1999 was 3,132,780, increasing at an average annual rate of 1.8% since 1987, when its population was 2,558,891.

Urban Extent

The Urban Extent of Alexandria in 2013 was 30,418 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 2.8% since 1999. The urban extent in 1999 was 20,356 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 6.2% since 1999, when its urban extent was 9,993 hectares.

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  • Urban Extent
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  • Exurban Area
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  • Rural Open Space

Density

Built-up Area Density in Alexandria in 2013 was 191 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -0.4% since 1999. The built-up area density in 1999 was 202 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -4.2% since 1987 when the built-up area density was 327.29 persons per hectare.

The Urban Extent Density in Alexandria in 2013 was 143 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -0.5% since 1999. The urban extent density in 1999 was 154 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -4.4% since 1987 when the urban extent density was 256 persons per hectare.

Composition of Added Area

A total of 7,317 hectares of built-up area was added to the Alexandria urban extent between 1999 and 2013. Of that added built-up area, 24% was Infill, 49% was Extension, 4% was Leapfrog, and 23% was Inclusion. A total of 7,749 hectares of built-up area was added to the urban extent between 1987 and 1999. Of that added built-up area, 17% was Infill, 58% was Extension, 0% was Leapfrog, and 25% was Inclusion.

Blocks and Roads
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Roads

Average road width in the Alexandria 1990-2014 expansion area was 5.78 meters, compared to 10.89 meters in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area in Alexandria occupied by roads in the 1990-2014 expansion area was 25%, compared to 27% in the pre-1990 area.

Arterial Roads

The density of arterial roads in Alexandria's 1990-2014 expansion was 1.45 km/km2, compared to 2.71 km/km2 in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area within walking distance of an arterial road in Alexandria's 1990-2014 expansion area was 81%, compared to 97% in the pre-1990 area.

1987-1999  1999-2013
1987-1999  1999-2013
1987-1999  1999-2013

Blocks and Plots

Average block size in Alexandria's 1990-2014 expansion area was 2.24 hectares, compared to 2.87 hectares in its pre-1990 area.

1987-1999  1999-2013