Atlas of Urban Expansion

Madrid
Spain
Region: Europe and Japan
2010 Population
5,256,249
2010 Urban Extent
84,407
hectares
2010 Density
62
persons/hectare
Areas and Densities
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Population

The Population of Madrid in 2010 was 5,256,249, increasing at an average annual rate of 2.4% since 2002. The population of Madrid in 2002 was 4,337,697, increasing at an average annual rate of 1.6% since 1991, when its population was 3,641,938.

Urban Extent

The Urban Extent of Madrid in 2010 was 84,407 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 6% since 2002. The urban extent in 2002 was 52,551 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 4.5% since 2002, when its urban extent was 31,876 hectares.

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  • Urban Extent
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  • Exurban Area
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  • Rural Open Space

Density

Built-up Area Density in Madrid in 2010 was 94 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -4.3% since 2002. The built-up area density in 2002 was 132 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -2.7% since 1991 when the built-up area density was 176.52 persons per hectare.

The Urban Extent Density in Madrid in 2010 was 62 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -3.6% since 2002. The urban extent density in 2002 was 83 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -2.9% since 1991 when the urban extent density was 114 persons per hectare.

Composition of Added Area

A total of 23,048 hectares of built-up area was added to the Madrid urban extent between 2002 and 2010. Of that added built-up area, 36% was Infill, 34% was Extension, 0% was Leapfrog, and 30% was Inclusion. A total of 12,338 hectares of built-up area was added to the urban extent between 1991 and 2002. Of that added built-up area, 23% was Infill, 39% was Extension, 1% was Leapfrog, and 37% was Inclusion.

Blocks and Roads
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Roads

Average road width in the Madrid 1990-2014 expansion area was 5.6 meters, compared to 9.41 meters in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area in Madrid occupied by roads in the 1990-2014 expansion area was 16%, compared to 31% in the pre-1990 area.

Arterial Roads

The density of arterial roads in Madrid's 1990-2014 expansion was 1.36 km/km2, compared to 1.8 km/km2 in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area within walking distance of an arterial road in Madrid's 1990-2014 expansion area was 90%, compared to 96% in the pre-1990 area.

1991-2002  2002-2010
1991-2002  2002-2010
1991-2002  2002-2010

Blocks and Plots

Average block size in Madrid's 1990-2014 expansion area was 1.66 hectares, compared to 3.31 hectares in its pre-1990 area.

1991-2002  2002-2010