Atlas of Urban Expansion

Luanda
Angola
Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 Population
5,555,024
2014 Urban Extent
50,967
hectares
2014 Density
109
persons/hectare
Areas and Densities
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Population

The Population of Luanda in 2014 was 5,555,024, increasing at an average annual rate of 5.2% since 2000. The population of Luanda in 2000 was 2,690,396, increasing at an average annual rate of 6% since 1991, when its population was 1,572,722.

Urban Extent

The Urban Extent of Luanda in 2014 was 50,967 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 5.7% since 2000. The urban extent in 2000 was 23,181 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 5.6% since 2000, when its urban extent was 14,038 hectares.

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  • Urban Extent
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  • Exurban Area
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  • Rural Open Space

Density

Built-up Area Density in Luanda in 2014 was 151 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -0.3% since 2000. The built-up area density in 2000 was 157 persons per hectare, increasing at an average annual rate of 0.4% since 1991 when the built-up area density was 151.07 persons per hectare.

The Urban Extent Density in Luanda in 2014 was 109 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -0.5% since 2000. The urban extent density in 2000 was 116 persons per hectare, increasing at an average annual rate of 0.4% since 1991 when the urban extent density was 112 persons per hectare.

Composition of Added Area

A total of 19,715 hectares of built-up area was added to the Luanda urban extent between 2000 and 2014. Of that added built-up area, 19% was Infill, 75% was Extension, 0% was Leapfrog, and 6% was Inclusion. A total of 6,764 hectares of built-up area was added to the urban extent between 1991 and 2000. Of that added built-up area, 22% was Infill, 64% was Extension, 0% was Leapfrog, and 14% was Inclusion.

Blocks and Roads
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Roads

Average road width in the Luanda 1990-2014 expansion area was 15.81 meters, compared to 7.67 meters in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area in Luanda occupied by roads in the 1990-2014 expansion area was 26%, compared to 16% in the pre-1990 area.

Arterial Roads

The density of arterial roads in Luanda's 1990-2014 expansion was 0.63 km/km2, compared to 1.05 km/km2 in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area within walking distance of an arterial road in Luanda's 1990-2014 expansion area was 58%, compared to 78% in the pre-1990 area.

1991-2000  2000-2014
1991-2000  2000-2014
1991-2000  2000-2014

Blocks and Plots

Average block size in Luanda's 1990-2014 expansion area was 1.95 hectares, compared to 6.46 hectares in its pre-1990 area.

1991-2000  2000-2014