Atlas of Urban Expansion

Kinshasa
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Population
10,226,183
2013 Urban Extent
45,681
hectares
2013 Density
224
persons/hectare
Areas and Densities
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Population

The Population of Kinshasa in 2013 was 10,226,183, increasing at an average annual rate of 3.7% since 2000. The population of Kinshasa in 2000 was 6,379,816, increasing at an average annual rate of 6.8% since 1994, when its population was 4,226,053.

Urban Extent

The Urban Extent of Kinshasa in 2013 was 45,681 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 3.5% since 2000. The urban extent in 2000 was 29,206 hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 11.3% since 2000, when its urban extent was 14,642 hectares.

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  • Urban Extent
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  • Exurban Area
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  • Rural Open Space

Density

Built-up Area Density in Kinshasa in 2013 was 303 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -0.3% since 2000. The built-up area density in 2000 was 317 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -8.7% since 1994 when the built-up area density was 536.43 persons per hectare.

The Urban Extent Density in Kinshasa in 2013 was 224 persons per hectare, increasing at an average annual rate of 0.2% since 2000. The urban extent density in 2000 was 218 persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of -4.6% since 1994 when the urban extent density was 289 persons per hectare.

Composition of Added Area

A total of 13,621 hectares of built-up area was added to the Kinshasa urban extent between 2000 and 2013. Of that added built-up area, 27% was Infill, 63% was Extension, 1% was Leapfrog, and 9% was Inclusion. A total of 12,263 hectares of built-up area was added to the urban extent between 1994 and 2000. Of that added built-up area, 34% was Infill, 60% was Extension, 0% was Leapfrog, and 6% was Inclusion.

Blocks and Roads
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Roads

Average road width in the Kinshasa 1990-2014 expansion area was 18.76 meters, compared to 9.5 meters in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area in Kinshasa occupied by roads in the 1990-2014 expansion area was 23%, compared to 25% in the pre-1990 area.

Arterial Roads

The density of arterial roads in Kinshasa's 1990-2014 expansion was 0.84 km/km2, compared to 1.26 km/km2 in its pre-1990 area.

The share of built-up area within walking distance of an arterial road in Kinshasa's 1990-2014 expansion area was 65%, compared to 84% in the pre-1990 area.

1994-2000  2000-2013
1994-2000  2000-2013
1994-2000  2000-2013

Blocks and Plots

Average block size in Kinshasa's 1990-2014 expansion area was 3.66 hectares, compared to 5.35 hectares in its pre-1990 area.

1994-2000  2000-2013